Publications: Axel Timmermann,

University of Hawaii


  1. 1.McGregor, S., A. Timmermann, S. Lorenz, 2012: A note on Kelvin wave representation in curvilinear ocean models, Ocean Modeling, to be submitted.

  2. 2.Jin, F.-F., J-S. Kug, A. Timmermann and I-S. Kang, 2012: Recent and future intensification of El Nino and tropical Pacific intraseasonal variability, to be submitted

  3. 3.Friedrich, T., M. Chikamoto, A. Timmermann, A. Mouchet, 2012: The Cocktail effect - on the impact of meltheat on global climate and the recovery of the overturning circulation during Heinrich events, to be submitted.

  4. 4.Elison Timm, O., A. Timmermann, A. Abe Ouchi, F. Saito, 2012: The muted response of the North African monsoon during the last glacial cycle, to be submitted.

  5. 5.Laurian, A., M. Chikamoto, A. Timmermann, A. Abe Ouchi, A. Mouchet, 2012: Marine biogeochemical and global carbon cycle response to volcanic eruptions during the last two millennia, to be submitted.

  6. 6.Widlansky, M., A. Timmermann, K. Stein, N. Schneider, M. England, W. Cai, M. Lengaigne, 2012: Reconciling future projections of the South Pacific Convergence Zone , to be submitted.

  7. 7.Friedrich, T., A. Timmermann, 2012: The impact of an AMOC shutdown on the propagation of the deglacial d18O signal, to be submitted.

  8. 8.McGregor, S., A. Timmermann, M. H. England, O. Elison Timm, 2012: 20th Century Intensification of El Nino Southern Oscillation variability, submitted.

  9. 9.Deplazes, G., A. Lueckge, L. Peterson, K.A. Hughen, U. Roehl, Y. Hamabb, C. Laj, D.M. Sigman, M.A. Cane, A. Timmermann, G.H. Haug, 2012: A tropical feedback for millennial climate change in the North Atlantic, submitted

  10. 10.Timmermann, A., J. Sachs, O. Elison Timm, A. Abe-Ouchi, 2012: Reconciling divergent SST behavior during the last 130 ka derived from alkenones and G. ruber- Mg/Ca in the equatorial Pacific, Quaternary Science Reviews, submitted.

  11. 11.Timmermann, A., T. Friedrich O. Elison Timm, A. Abe-Ouchi, 2012, Obliquity effects on Southern Hemispheric Westerlies and Antarctic Temperatures, Earth Planetary Science Letters, submitted

  12. 12.Chikamoto, M.O., A. Abe-Ouchi, A. Oka, R. Ohgaito A. Timmermann, 2012: Glacial marine carbon cycle sensitivities to Atlantic ocean circulation reorganization by coupled climate climate model simulations, Climate of the Past, 8, 545-583.

  13. 13.Hu, A., Gerald A. Meehl, Weiqing Han, Axel Timmermann, Bette Otto-Bliesner, Zhengyu Liu, Warren M. Washington, William Large, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Masahide Kimoto, Kurt Lambeck , Bingyi Wu, 2012: Role of the Bering Strait on the Hysteresis of the Ocean Conveyor Belt Circulation and Glacial Climate Stability, PNAS, accepted.

  14. 14.Chikamoto, M., L. Menviel, A. Abe Ouchi, R. Ohgaito, A. Timmermann, Y. Okazaki, N. Harada, A. Oka, 2012: Variability of North Pacific Intermediate-Deep Water ventilation during Heinrich events in two coupled models, Deep Sea Research II, 61-64, 114-126 

  15. 15.Harada, N., M. Sato, Y. Nakamura, K. Kimoto, Y. Okazaki, K. Nagashima, O. Seki, H. Moossen, J. Bendle, A. Ijiri, T. Nakatsuka, L. Menviel, M. O. Chikamoto, A. Timmermann, A. Abe-Ouchi, 2012:  Sea surface and subsurface temperature changes in the Okhotsk Sea and adjacent North Pacific during the last Glacial Maximum and deglaciation, Deep Sea Research II, 61-64, 93-105.

  16. 16.Menviel, L., A. Timmermann, O. Timm, A. Mouchet, A. Abe Ouchi, M.O. Chikamoto, N. Harada, R. Ohgaito, Y. Okazaki, 2011:Removing the North Pacific Halocline: effects on global climate, ocean circulation and the carbon cycle, Deep Sea Research II, 61-64, 106-113

  17. 17. McGregor, S, A. TImmermann, N, Schneider, M. Stuecker, 2012: On the meridional asymmetry of ENSO, J. Climate doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00332.1, 

  18. 18.Friedrich, T., Timmermann, A., Abe-Ouchi, A., Bates, N. R., Chikamoto, M.O., Church, M. J., Dore, J. E., Gledhill, D. K., Gonzalez-Davila, M., Heinemann, M., Ilyina, T., Jungclaus, J. H., McLeod, E, Mouchet, A. and J. M. Santana-Casiano: Detecting regional anthropogenic trends in ocean acidification against natural variability, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate1372 

  19. 19.Schloesser, F., J.P. McCreary, R. Furue, A. Timmermann, 2011: Dynamics of the descending branch of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Part I; buoyancy-forced response, Prog. Oceanography, in press.

  20. 20.Winter, A., T. Miller, Y. Kushnir, A. Sinha, A. Timmermann, M.R. Jury, C. Gakkup, H. Cheng, R.L. Edwards,2011: Evidence for 800 years of North Atlantic multi-decadal variability from a Puerto Rican speleothem, Earth Planetary Science Letters, 308, 23-28.

  21. 21.Stott, L., A. Timmermann, 2011: Hypothesized Link between Glacial/Interglacial Atmospheric CO2 Cycles and Storage/Release of CO2-Rich Fluids from the Deep Sea, AGU Geophysical monograph series, 193, 123-138.

  22. 22.Stein, K., A. Timmermann, N. Schneider, 2011, Phase synchronization of ENSO and the annual cycle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.128501.

  23. 23.Tokinaga, H., S.-P. Xie, A. Timmermann, S. McGregor, T. Ogata, H. Kubota, and Y.M. Okumura:, 2011: Regional patterns of tropical Indo-Pacific climate change: Evidence of the Walker Circulation weakening. J. Climate, 25, 1689-1710

  24. 24.Wu, L., W. Cai, L. Zhang, H. Nakamura, A. Timmermann, T.  Joyce, M. McPhaden, M. Alexander, B. Qiu, M. Visbeck, P. Chang and B. Giese  2011: Enhanced Warming over the Globa l Subtropical Western Boundary Currents,  Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/nclimate1353.

  25. 25.Friedrich, T., A. Timmermann, T. Decloedt, D.S. Luther A. Mouchet: 2011: The effect of topography-enhanced diapycnal mixing on ocean and atmospheric circulation and marine biogeochemistry, Ocean Modeling, 39, 262-274.

  26. 26.Wolff, C., G. Haug, A. Timmermann, J.S.S. Damste, A. Brauer, D.M. Sigman, M.A. Cane, D. Verschuuren, 2011: Reduced rainfall variability in East Africa during the last ice age, Science, 333, 743-747.

  27. 27.Menviel, L, A. Timmermann, O. Elison Timm, A. Mouchet, 2011: Deconstructing the last glacial termination: the role of millennial and orbital-scale forcings, Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 1155-1172.

  28. 28.McGregor, S., A. Timmermann, 2011: The response of ENSO to explosive volcanic eruptions, J. Climate, 24, 2178-2191, doi: 10.1175/2010JCL3990.1

  29. 29.An, S.-I, J.-H. Park, B.-M. Kim, A. Timmermann, F.-F. Jin, 2011: Impacts of ocean gateway and basin width on Tertiary tropical climate variability in a prototype model, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-011-0469-x

  30. 30.Menviel, L., A. Timmermann, A. Mouchet, O. Timm 2010,  Climate and biogeochemical response to a rapid melting of the West-Antarctic Ice Sheet during interglacials and implications for future climate Paleoceanography, 25, PA4231, doi:10.1029/2009PA001892

  31. 31.Heinemann, M., A. Timmermann, U. Feudel, 2010: Interactions between marine biota and ENSO: a conceptual model analysis, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 8, 29-40, 2011 doi:10.5194/npg-18-29-2011

  32. 32.Goosse, H., V. Brovkin, T. Fichefet, R. Haarsma, P. Huybrechts, J. Jongma, A. Mouchet, F. Selten, P-Y. Barriat, J-M. Campin, E. Deleersnijder, E. Drieschart, H. Golezer, I. Janssens, M.-F. Loutre, M. A. Morales Maqueda, T. Opsteegh, P-P Mathieu, G. Munhoven, E. J. Pettersson, H. renssen, D. Roche, M. Schaeffer, B. Tartinville, A. Timmermann, S.L. Weber, 2010: Description of the Earth System model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM, version 1.2, Geoscientific Model Development, 3, 309-390, 2010.

  33. 33.Friedrich, T., A. Timmermann, L. Menviel, O. Timm, A. Mouchet, D. Roche, 2010: Internally generated millennial-scale climate variability in an earth system model of intermediate complexity: sensitivity to ocean bathymetry and orbital forcing  Geoscientific Model Development, Geosci. Model Dev., 3, 377-389.

  34. 34.Harada, N., Kimoto, K., Okazaki, Y., Nagashima, K., Timmermann, A. and Abe-Ouchi, A., 2009. Millennial time scale changes in surface to intermediate-deep layer circulation recorded in sediment cores from the northwestern North Pacific. Quaternary Research, 48(3): 179-194.

  35. 35.Stein, K., N. Schneider, A. Timmermann, F.-F. Jin, 2010: Seasonal Synchronization of ENSO events in a Linear Stochastic Model, J. Climate, 23, 5629–5643.

  36. 36.Timmermann, A., J. Knies, O. Elison Timm, A. Abe Ouchi, T. Friedrich, 2010: Promotion of glacial ice sheet buildup 60–115 kyr B.P. by precessionally paced Northern Hemispheric meltwater pulses, Paleoceanography, 25, PA4208, 9 PP., 2010, doi:10.1029/2010PA001933.

  37. 37.Mcleod, E., R. Moffitt, A. Timmermann, R. Salm, L. Menviel, S.M.J. Palmer, E.R. Selig, K.S. Casey, J.F. Bruno: 2010 Vulnerability of coral reefs to warming seas and local impacts in the Coral Triangle, Coastal Management, 38, 508-519.

  38. 38.Uchikawa, J,  B.N. Popp, J.E. Schoonmaker, A. Timmermann, S. J. Lorenz, 2010: Geochemical and climate modeling evidence for Holocene aridification in Hawaii: dynamic response to a weakening equatorial cold tongue, Quaternary Science Reviews, 29,3057-3066.

  39. 39.Okazaki, Y., A. Timmermann, L. Menviel, N. Harada, A. Abe Ouchi, M. Chikamoto, 2010: Deepwater Formation in the North Pacific During the Last Glacial Termination, Science, 329, 200-204, DOI: 10.1126/science.1190612 .

  40. 40.Collins, M., S.-I. An, F.-F. Jin, E. Guilyardi, S. Power, A. T. Wittenberg, A. Ganachaud, W. Cai, A. Timmermann, G. Vecchi, M. Lengaigne, M. Jochum, 2010: El Nino and Climate Change, Nature Geoscience 3, 391 - 397.

  41. 41.Timmermann, A., S. McGregor, and F.-F. Jin, 2010: Wind effects on past and future regional sea-level trends in the southern Indo-Pacific, J. Clim, 23, 4429–4437.

  42. 42.Steph, S., R. Tiedemann, M. Prange, J. Groeneveld, M. Schulz, A. Timmermann, D. Nuernberg, C. Saukel, and G.H. Haug, 2010: Early Pliocene increases in thermohaline overturning preconditioned the development of the modern equatorial cold tongue, Paleoceanography, 5, PA2202, 17 PP., 2010, doi:10.1029/2008PA001645.

  43. 43.Goosse, H., E. Crespin, A. de Montety, M.E. Mann, H. Renssen, A. Timmermann 2010: Reconstructing surface temperature changes over the past 600 years using climate model simulations with data simulation, J. Geophys. Res. Atm, 115, D09108, 17 PP., 2010
    doi:10.1029/2009JD012737.

  44. 44.An, S.I. Y.-G. Ham, J.-S. Kug, A. Timmermann, J. Choi, A. Timmermann, I.-S. Kang, 2010: The inverse effect of  annual mean state and annual cycle changes on ENSO, J .Climate, 23: 1095-1110.

  45. 45.McGregor, A. Timmermann, O. Timm, 2009: A Unified Proxy for ENSO variability since 1650, Climate of the Past, 6, 1-17, 2010

  46. 46.Timmermann, A., L. Menviel, 2009: What drives Climate Flip-Flops? Science, 325, 273 - 274, DOI: 10.1126/science.1177159

  47. 47.Timm. O., P. Koehler, A. Timmermann, L. Menviel, 2009:  Mechanisms for the onset of the African Humid Period and Sahara Greening 14.5-11 ka B.P., J. Climate, 23: 2612-2633.

  48. 48.Stott, L., J. Southon, A. Timmermann, A. Koutavas, 2009: Radiocarbon age anomaly at intermediate water depth in the Pacific Ocean during the last deglaciation, Paleoceanography, 24, PA2223, doi: 10.1029/2008PA001690.

  49. 49.Ham, Y.G., J.-S. Kug, I.-S. Kang, A. Timmermann, 2009: Impact of diurnal atmosphere-ocean coupling on tropical climate in a coupled GCM, Climate Dynamics, 34, 905-917

  50. 50.Loeptien, U., C. Eden, A. Timmermann,  H. Dietze, 2009: Effects of biologically induced differential heating in an eddy-permitting coupled ocean-ecosystem model, J. Geophys. Res., Oceans, 114, C06011, 17 PP., 2009 doi:10.1029/2008JC004936.

  51. 51.Timmermann, A., L. Menviel, Y. Okumura, A. Schilla, U. Merkel, A. Hu, B. Otto-Bliesner, M. Schulz, 2010: Towards a quantitative understanding of millennial-scale Antarctic Warming events, Quaternary Science Review, 29, 74-85, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.06.021.

  52. 52.Okumura, Y, C. Deser, A. Hu, A. Timmermann, S.-P. Xie, 2009: North Pacific Climate Response to Freshwater Forcing in the Subarctic North Atlantic: Oceanic and Atmospheric Pathways, J. Climate,  22,1424-1445.

  53. 53.Timmermann, A., O. Timm and L. Stott, L. Menviel, 2009, The roles of CO2 and orbital forcing in driving southern hemispheric temperature variations during the last 21,000 years J. Climate, 22, 1626-1640.

  54. 54.Kienast, M, M. Lehmann, A. Timmermann, E. Galbraith, T. Bolliet, A. Holbourn, C. Normandeau, C. Laj, 2008: A mid-Holocene transition in the nitrogen dynamics of the Western Equatorial Pacific: Evidence of a deepening thermocline? Geophys. Res. Lett., Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L23610, doi:10.1029/2008GL035464.

  55. 55.Menviel, L., A. Timmermann, A. Mouchet and O. Timm, 2008: Climate and marine carbon cycle response to changes in the strength of the southern hemispheric westerlies, Paleoceanography, 23, PA4201, doi:10.1029/2008PA001604

  56. 56.Timm, O., A. Timmermann, A. Abe-Ouchi, T. Segawa, 2008: On the definition of paleo-seasons in transient climate simulations, Paleoceanography, 23, PA2221, doi:10.1029/2007PA001461.

  57. 57.Pahnke, K. J. Sachs, L. Keigwin, A. Timmermann, S.-P. Xie, 2007: Eastern tropical Pacific hydrological changes during the past 27,000 years from D/H ratios in alkenones, Paleoceanography, 22, PA4214, doi:10.1029/2007PA001468.

  58. 58.Xie, S.-P., Y. Okumura, T. Miyama, and A. Timmermann, 2008: Influences of Atlantic climate change on the tropical Pacific via the Central American Isthmus. J. Climate, 21, 3914-3928.

  59. 59.Menviel, L., A. Timmermann, A. Mouchet, O. Timm, 2008: Meridional reorganizations of marine and terrestrial productivity during glacial Heinrich events, Paleoceanography, 23, PA1203, doi:10.1029/2007PA001445.

  60. 60.T.F. Stocker, A. Timmermann. M. Renold, O. Timm, 2007: Effects of salt compensation on the climate model response in simulations of large changes of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, J. Climate, 20, 5912-5928.

  61. 61.F. Lamy, J. Kaiser, H. Arz, U. Ninnemann, O. Timm, A. Timmermann, D. Hebbeln, 2007: Modulation of the bipolar seesaw in the Southeast Pacific during Termination 1, Earth Planetary Science Lett., 259, 400-413

  62. 62.Stott, L. A. Timmermann, R. Thunell, 2007: Southern Hemisphere and Deep Sea Warming led deglacial Atmospheric CO2 rise and Tropical Warming, Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.1143791

  63. 63.Krebs, U., A. Timmermann, 2007: Tropical air-sea interactions accelerate the recovery of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation after a major shutdown, J. Climate, 20, 4940-4956

  64. 64.Timmermann, A., Y. Okumura, S.-I. An, A. Clement, B. Dong, E. Guilyardi, A. Hu, J. Jungclaus, U. Krebs, M. Renold, T.F. Stocker, R.J. Stouffer, R. Sutton, S.-P. Xie, and J. Yin, 2007: The influence of a weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation on ENSO, J. Climate, 20, 4899-4919

  65. 65.Jin, F.-F., L. Lin, A. Timmermann, J. Zhao, 2006:Ensemble-mean dynamics of the ENSO Recharge Oscillator under state-dependent stochastic forcing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L03807, doi:10.1029/2006GL027372.

  66. 66.Timm, O., A. Timmermann, 2007: Simulation of the last 21,000 years using accelerated transient boundary conditions, J. Climate, 20, 4377-4401.

  67. 67.Timmermann, A., and S. Lorenz, S.I. An, A. Clement, S.-P. Xie, 2006: , The effect of orbital forcing on the mean climate and variability of the tropical Pacific, J. Climate, 20, 4147-4159.

  68. 68.Krebs, U., A. Timmermann, 2007: Fast advective recovery of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation after a Heinrich event, Paleoceanography, 22, No. 1, PA1220,10.1029/2005PA001259.

  69. 69.S.-I. An, J.S. Kug, A. Timmermann, I.S. Kang, 2006: The influence of ENSO on the generation of decadal variability in the North Pacific, J. Climate, 20, 667-680.

  70. 70.Goosse, H., O. Arzel, J, Luterbacher, M. E. Mann, H. Renssen, N. Riedwyl, A. Timmermann, E. Xoplaki and H. Wanner, 2006: The Origin of the "European Medieval Warm Period", Climate of the Past, 2, 99-113.

  71. 71.H. Goosse, H. Renssen, A. Timmermann, R.S. Bradley and M.E. Mann, 2006: Using paleoclimate proxy-data to select an optimal realisation in an ensemble of simulations of the climate of the past millennium, Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-006-0128-6.

  72. 72.F. Justino, A. Timmermann, U. Merkel and R.W. Peltier, 2006: An initial intercomparison of atmospheric and oceanic climatology  for the ICE-5G and ICE-4G models of LGM paleotopography, J. Climate, 19, 3-14.

  73. 73.Reuning, L., J. Rejmer, C. Betzler, A. Timmermann, S. Steph 2005: Sub-Milankovitch cycles in periplatform carbonates from the early Pliocene Great Bahama Bank, Paleoceanography, PA 1017, doi: 10.1029/2004PA001075.

  74. 74.Timmermann, A., S.-I. An, U. Krebs, H. Goosse 2005: ENSO suppression due to weakening of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation, J. Climate 18, 3122-3139.

  75. 75.Timmermann, A. U. Krebs, F. Justino, H. Goosse, T. Ivanochko, 2005: Mechanisms for millennial-scale global synchronization during the last glacial period , Paleoceanography,  20 (4), PA4008, doi: 10.1029/2004PA00109.

  76. 76.Justino, F., and A. Timmermann 2005: Synoptic Reorganization of large-scale atmospheric flow during the Last Glacial Maximum. J. Climate 18, 2826-2846.

  77. 77.Goosse, H., H. Renssen, A. Timmermann, and R. Bradley 2005: Natural and forced climate variability during the last millennium: implications for model-data comparison. Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 1345-1360.

  78. 78.Schulz, M., A. Paul, and A. Timmermann 2004: Glacial-Interglacial Contrast in Climate Variability at Centennial-to-Millennial Timescales: Observations and Conceptual Model. Quaternary Science Reviews, 23, 2219-2230.

  79. 79.Abshagen, J., and A. Timmermann 2004: An Organizing Center for Thermohaline Excitability, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 2756-2760.

  80. 80.An, S.-I., A. Timmermann, L. Bejarano, F.-F. Jin, F. Justino. Z. Liu, and S. Tudhope(2004): ENSO dynamics during the Last Glacial Maximum. Paleocanography, 19, PA4009, doi:10.1029/2004PA001020.

  81. 81.Marzeion, B., A. Timmermann, R. Murtugudde, and F.-F. Jin 2004: Bio-physical feedbacks in the tropical Pacific. J. Climate, Journal of Climate, 18, 58-70.

  82. 82.Timmermann, A., F.B. Justino, F.-F. Jin, and H. Goosse 2004: Surface temperature control in the North and tropical Pacific during the last glacial maximum. Climate Dynamics, 23, 353-370.

  83. 83.A.J. Gamez, C.S. Zhou, A. Timmermann, and J. Kurths 2004: Nonlinear dimensionality reduction in climate data, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 11, 393-398.

  84. 84.Eden, C., and A. Timmermann, 2004: The influence of the Galapagos Islands on tropical temperatures, currents and the generation of tropical instability waves. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 10.120/2004GL200600.

  85. 85.Knutti, R., J. Flueckiger, T.F. Stocker, and A. Timmermann, 2004: Strong hemispheric coupling of glacial climate through continental freshwater discharge and ocean circulation. Nature, 430, 851-856.

  86. 86.Timmermann, A., and H. Goosse, 2004: Is the wind-stress forcing essential for the meridional overturning circulation? Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L04303, doi: 10.1029/2003GL01877.

  87. 87.Timmermann, A., F.-F. Jin, and M. Collins, 2004: Intensification of the annual cycle in the tropical Pacific due to Greenhouse Warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L12208, doi: 10.1029/2004GL019442.

  88. 88.Jin, F.-F., S.I. An, A. Timmermann, and X. Zhang, 2003: Strong El Nino events and nonlinear dynamical heating, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, doi:10.1029/2002GL016356.

  89. 89.Miller, A.J., M.A. Alexander, G.J. Boer, F. Chai, K. Denman, D.J. Erickson, R. Frouin, A.J. Gabric, E.A. Laws, M.R. Lewis, Z. Liu, R. Murtugudde, S. Nakamoto, D.J. Neilson, J.R. Norris, J.C. Ohlmann, R.I. Perry, N. Schneider, K.M. Shell, and A. Timmermann, 2003: Potential feedbacks between Pacific Ocean ecosystems and interdecadal climate variations. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84, 617-633.

  90. 90.Timmermann, A., 2003: Decadal ENSO Amplitude Modulations: A Nonlinear Mechanism. Global Planet. Changes, 135-156.

  91. 91.Timmermann, A., and F.-F. Jin, 2003: A Nonlinear Theory for El Nino Bursting. J. Atmos. Sci., 60, 152-165.

  92. 92.Timmermann, A., M. Schulz, H. Gildor, and E. Tziperman, 2003: Coherent Resonant millennial-scale climate transitions triggered by massive meltwater pulses. J. Climate, 16 (15), 2569-2585.

  93. 93.Pasmanter, R., and A. Timmermann, 2002: Cyclic Markov Chains with an Application to an intermediate ENSO model. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 10, 197-210.

  94. 94.Schulz, M., A. Timmermann, and A. Paul, 2002: Relaxation oscillators in concert: A conceptual framework for late Pleistocene millennial-scale climate variability. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 2193, doi: 10.1029/2002GL016144.

  95. 95.Timmermann, A., and F.-F. Jin, 2002: A Nonlinear Mechanism for Decadal El Nino Amplitude Changes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 10.1029/2001GL013369.

  96. 96.Timmermann, A., and F.-F. Jin, 2002: Phytoplankton influences on tropical climate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, doi: 10.10129/2002GL15434.

  97. 97.Monahan, A.H., A. Timmermann, and G. Lohmann, 2001: Comments on "Noise-Induced Transitions in a simplified model of the thermohaline circulation." J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 1112-1116.

  98. 98.Timmermann, A., 2001: Changes of ENSO stability due to Greenhouse Warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2064-2066.

  99. 99.Timmermann, A., H. Voss, and R. Pasmanter, 2001: Empirical Dynamical System Modeling of ENSO using Nonlinear Inverse Techniques. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 1579-1598.

  100. 100.Contributing Author of "Projections Future Climate Change," in Third Assessment Report, IPCC, Climate Change: The Scientific Basis, 2001.

  101. 101.Contributing Author, " Physical Climate Processes and Feedbacks" in Third Assessment Report, IPCC, Climate Change: The Scientific Basis, 2001.

  102. 102.Contributing Author, "Observed Climate Variability and Change" in Third Assessment Report, IPCC, Climate Change: The Scientific Basis, 2001.

  103. 103.Hoegh-Guldberg, O., H. Hoegh-Guldberg, D.K. Stout, H. Cesar, and A. Timmermann, 2000: Pacific in Peril: Biological, Economic and Social Impacts of Climate Change on Pacific Coral Reefs. Greenpeace report. ISBN 1876221100.

  104. 104.Groetzner, A., M. Latif, A. Timmermann, and R. Voss, 1999: Interannual to Decadal Predictability in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere General Circulation Model. J. Climate, 12, 2607-2624.

  105. 105.Timmermann, A., 1999: Detecting the Nonstationary Response of ENSO to Greenhouse Warming. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 2313-2325.

  106. 106.Timmermann, A., and M. Latif, 1999: Modes of Climate Variability as simulated by the coupled atmosphere-ocean model ECHAM3/LSG, Part I: ENSO-like climate variability, Clim. Dyn., 15, 605-618.

  107. 107.Timmermann, A., M. Latif, A. Bacher, J. Oberhuber, and E. Roeckner, 1999: Increased El Nino frequency in a climate model forced by future greenhouse warming. Nature, 398, 694-696.

  108. 108.Timmermann, A., and G. Lohmann, 1999: Noise-Induced Transitions in a simplified model of the thermohaline circulation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30, 1891-1900.

  109. 109.Timmermann, A., M. Latif , R.Voss, and A. Groetzner, 1998: Northern Hemispheric Interdecadal Variability: A coupled Air-Sea Mode. J. Climate, 11, 1906-1931.

  110. 110.Arbex, N., M. Pluemer, U. Ornik, A. Timmermann, and R.M. Weiner, 1995: Thermal photon production in heavy ion collisions. Phys. Lett., B345, 307-312.

  111. 111.Timmermann, A., M. Pluemer, L.V. Razumov, and R.M. Weiner, 1994: Photon Interferometry of quark-gluon dynamics reexamined. Phys.Review, C50 (6), 3060.




Other (non-peer reviewed) publications

1.U. Ornik, M. Pluemer, A. Timmermann, R. Weiner 1995: Thermal dilepton-production in S+Au collisions at Elab=200 AGeV, unpublished manuscript, Figure 1, Figure 2

2.A. Timmermann. U. Ornik, M. Pluemer, R. Weiner, 1995: How to probe the Pre-Equilibrium Stage and Phase-transition of quark matter by Photon Interferometry, in XXV International Symposium on Multiparticle Dynamics, 1995, World Scientific, Ed. D. Bruncko, L. Sandor, J. Urban.

3. A. Timmermann, 1995: Photon-Interferometry of the Quark-Gluon Plasma, Diplom/Master Thesis, University of Marburg

4. A. Timmermann 1998: Modes of climate variability as simulated by a coupled general circulation model, PhD Thesis, University of Hamburg.

5. A. Timmermann 2000: A Simple Threshold Model for the 100,000 year Ice volume cycle during the Late Pleistocene, unpublished manuscript.

6. J. Picaut, T. Delcroix, G. Eldin, A. Ganachaud, C. Maes, J. McCreary and A. Timmermann, 2004: Proceedings of the "International Workshop on the Low-Frequency Modulation of ENSO"

7.A. Timmermann and F.-F. Jin, 2005: "Predictability of Coupled Processes" in Predictability of Weather and Climate, Eds. T. Palmer, R. Hagedorn, Cambridge University Press

8. M. Schulz, A. Sima, A. Paul and A. Timmermann, 2005: Die juengere Dryas - ein einmaliges Ereignis oder eine typische Eigenschaft glazialer Terminationen?, unpublished manuscript

9.Nico Caetano, Axel Timmermann, 2005: Report of the third session of the CLIVAR Pacific panel.

10.Timmermann, A., F.-F. Jin, 2007: ENSO instability revisited, 15th 'Aha Huliko'a proceedings on Extreme Events, University of Hawaii

11.Richards, K., A. Timmermann, 2008: Regional Climate Change Projections for the Southwestern Pacific with a focus on Melanesia, Bishop Museum Technical Report, 42 (1), 1-12     

12.Timmermann, A. 2008, Perspectives on the Remote Control of ENSO, CLIVAR exchanges, 13 (3), 10-12.

13.R. Boscolo, A. Timmermann, 2007: Report on the fourth session of the CLIVAR Pacific panel.

14.Ganachaud, A., W. Kessler, G. Brassington, C. R. Mechoso, S. Wijffels, K. Ridgway, W. Cai, N. Holbrook, P. Sutton, M. Bowen, B. Qiu, A. Timmermann, D. Roemmich, J. Sprintall, D. Neelin, B. Lintner, H. Diamond, S. Cravatte, L. Gourdeau, P. Eastwood, T. Aung, 2008: The Southwest PacIfic Ocean Circulation and Climate Experiment (SPICE): a new CLIVAR programme, CLIVAR exchanges, 13 (4), 3-6

15.Timmermann, A., 2008: Report on the CLIVAR Pacific Panel Summer School on ENSO: dynamics and predictability in Puna, on the Big Island of Hawaii. CLIVAR Exchanges, 13 (4), 27.

16.Wang, D., A. Timmermann, R. Boscolo, 2008, Workshop on the Western tropical Pacific: Hatchery for ENSO and Global Teleconnections, CLIVAR, Exchanges, 13 (3), 26-27.

17.Timm, O., A. Timmermann, S. DeCarlo, 2009:  User-friendly data portal provides access to a transient paleoclimate simulation covering the last 21 kyr, PAGES Newsletter, 17 (1), 4-5. 

18.Hurrell, J. W., T.L. Delworth, G. Danabasoglu, H. Drange, K. Drinkwater, S. Griffies, N. Holbrook, B. Kirtman, N. Keelyside, M. Latif, J. Marotzke, J. Murphy, G.A. Meehl. T. Palmer, H. Pohlmann, T. Rosati, R. Seager, D. Smith, R. Sutton, A. Timmermann, K.E. Trenberth, J. Tribbia, and M. Visbeck, 2010: Decadal Climate Prediction: Opportunities and Challenges. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs' 09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E and Stammer, D., Eds. ESA Publication WPP-306, 2010.